TRT – A BRIEF OVERVIEW
Turkish Radio and Television Corporation
Turkey’s “first” and “only” public broadcasting corporation,
the TRT was founded on May 1, 1964.
The radio station that had started
broadcasting on May 5, 1927 was now under the TRT umbrella. Taking us to
different worlds when we hit the button or move the meter, radio, was joined by
a new friend towards the end of the 60s: Television... Turkey met the television
for the first time on January 31, 1968 through the TRT. With its 81 year radio
and 40 year old television, the TRT is the living memory of the history of the
Republic of Turkey. With its experience and responsibility, it is a monument of
reliability and the symbol of our unity.
Infancy times were, of course,
times of problems and challenges. The broadcasting adventure started in a small
studio on Mithatpaşa in poor conditions. However, the will of the staff to
overcome all the challenges and devoted efforts gave fruit in a short time; and
the TRT guaranteed its everlasting place in the heart of the Turkish nation. In
modern times, being both a broadcasting school and the most reliable
broadcasting corporation in Turkey, the TRT educated the most successful
Television producers. Therefore, colorful and joyous programs have come to life
on the screen.
The TRT did not settle as being only a “broadcasting
corporation” of radio and television, but it also became the essential address
of education. The aforementioned function was not limited to educating the
broadcasting staff. The TRT became an indispensable source with its educative
programs along with the news and information it broadcasts...
a meaningful and indispensable flag, the TRT, with its impartial and reliable
news as well as programs of finest quality, never sacrificing the public
broadcasting principle, has gained its rightful place among the world’s best.
We can possibly outline the factors bringing about this success as follows:
Accountable and reliable broadcasting
The interviewers in USA – Washington, BELGIUM – Brussels, EGYPT – Cairo,
GERMANY – Berlin, TRNC – Nicosia, AZERBAIJAN – Baku, TURKMENISTAN – Ashgabat,
UZBEKISTAN – Tashkent and from many other corners of the world… In brief, the
TRT means everything for both Turkey and the world with offices and agencies
established in many important centers stretching from America to Europe and from
Asia and to the Middle East and Caucasia…
Experienced journalists, each
specialized in their own fields, stationed in the Regional Directorates of
İstanbul, Izmir, Antalya, Çukurova, Diyarbakır, Erzurum and Trabzon in addition
to the headquarters in Ankara; and a dynamic intelligence network with local
interviewers in every corner of Turkey…
A trademark of “trust” in the minds
of its viewers and listeners with true, objective and reliable news…
Broadcasts for every age and culture
Education-culture, music-entertainment, children’s and sports programs,
debates, documentaries, dramas, high quality broadcasts of the most qualified
movies of the white screen… Reaching a large mass of viewers of different
education, age and socio-economic levels with its broadcast range compatible
with international standards and being a broadcasting corporation that enjoys
their support and admiration…
Being viewed in every corner of the world with
7 television channels; 4 national, 2 international and 1 regional…
||TRT 1: Family Channel, 168 Hours |
||TRT 2: News, information, culture & arts channel, 168 hours |
||TRT 3: Youth and sports channel, 54 hours |
||TRT GAP: Broadcasts for Eastern and Southeastern Regions, 69
|| TRT 4: Education and Music, 139 hours |
||TRT INT: Broadcasts for the world, 168 hours |
||TRT TURK: Broadcasts for the Middle Asia and Caucasia, 119 hours
A great potential bridging European and Asian broadcasters by means of an
international satellite and two earth stations; having the capacity of
transferring the developments of the country and world agenda with all details
and on the spot via national-international broadcasting and news agencies it is
In TRT-TURK channel, embracing our kin with Caucasus and
Middle East broadcasts, introducing Turkey and Turkish people, making possible
language and thinking in unity with the Turkic Republics, raising solidarity and
integration, helping develop cultural and commercial affairs …
Contributing to the reinforcement of cultural connections with the
Turkish people abroad through TRT-INT broadcasts aired specifically for the
Turkish people living in Europe, yet viewed in many corners around the world…
By strengthening TRT-INT, raising its level so as to compete with
forthcoming news agencies in the international field.
Television channels of TRT currently under construction
Serving citizens who speak different languages and regions that share these
linguistic similarities… Efforts to set up a new channel broadcasting in
Kırmançi and Zaza dialects… The goal to broadcast in Persian and Arabic with the
aim of strengthening relations with people speaking these languages …
Efforts to construct a strong “Children’s Channel” with the capacity needed
to reach children in Turkey and around the world…
81 Years of experience in Radio
TRT radios are still people’s best friend in Turkey, with 4 national, 5
regional radio channels and an additional Tourism Radio; experienced staff,
choirs in different branches of music, talented artists, children and youth
clubs, rich archives, computer-supported broadcasts, studios fully equipped with
the latest technology, strong intelligence and programs suitable for modern
Radio 1: Education, culture and news channel. It’s been indispensable
for its listeners for 8 years with programs about every topic in life plus
hourly news bulletins.
Radio 2 (TRT FM): Popular music channel with
the best examples of Turkish Classical Music, Turkish Folk Music and Pop Music
Radio 3: Classical Music, jazz and the opera.
Radio 4: Turkish Folk Music and Turkish Classical Music.
the four national channels of the Radio are on air for 24 hours all around
Turkey and the whole world over the web.
Five Regional Radio broadcasts
Trabzon Radio, Erzurum Radio, GAP-Diyarbakır Radio, Antalya Radio,
Çukurova Radio... Tourism Radio, also, plays an important role by serving both
Turkish Tourism and tourists in our country.
Global Radio Broadcast is in 29 Languages
Voice of Turkey establishes communication between Turks living abroad and
their homeland by broadcasting in 29 languages including Turkish, and spreads
the word to all parts of the country and of the world.
Broadcasting Network Embracing the World
A “reliable, enhanced, future-oriented” broadcasting
institution, which rapidly internalizes all sorts of innovative media services
in the broadcasting field, based on its experience, capacity and knowledge
derived from its past.
This immense accumulation in the broadcasting field
attracts attention in a state of continuous success due to its technical
infrastructure. We are broadcasting inside and outside our borders by means of a
great potential of a 61 Mega Watt television and a 22 Mega Watt radio
transmitter infrastructure, one that is superior to the installed power of all
private channels in Turkey.
There are two base-satellite stations, which
transmit our radio and television broadcasts via TURKSAT 2A and TURKSAT 1C (3A)
Besides, the TRT is an institution with 42 production and
broadcasting studios, of which one is in the Berlin Office,
live-broadcasting caravans which transmit television programs to our screens,
15 mobile television satellite up-link systems with directing mechanism,
Mobile satellite up-link systems without directing mechanism in Turkmenistan
A radio satellite up-link interview caravan,
program making and broadcasting studios,
9 installed television and radio
satellite up-link systems,
5 radio live-broadcast and interview vehicles,
And 6 mobile generator vehicles.
Trial programs are aired 24 hours
non-stop in Ankara, Istanbul and Izmir.
TRT on the Internet
Aiming to meet the expectations of its viewers in the digital age and provide
the opportunities of technology to the public, the TRT brought to life crucial
projects in a very short time. The official website http://www.trt.net.tr was
launched on May 1, 1999. Live radio and television programs are available on the
Internet to enable global users to have the access to the TRT’s services.
Furthermore, the website includes important services such as breaking news from
Turkey and the world, latest developments in economy and finance sectors, all
branches of sports, weather forecast, radio & television programs and
TRT Internet broadcasting has taken a step further, and has
launched efforts to prepare the website in many languages. Foreign news over the
Internet will be provided in 11 languages for the beginning while efforts to air
the Voice of Turkey in all languages are still underway.
TRT Archives, the Visual-Oral Memory of Turkey
There appears to be a wealth of archives, which has witnessed
all of the strategic milestones of the history of the Republic.
does the TRT maintain audio-visual materials in proper shape, but it also
preserves a long-standing radio-television legacy with its use of the latest
technology in the world. Such materials attached to various histories and
formats are transferred into digital media through content analysis and
TRT Market offers TRT programs and music in the archives as visual, oral and
TRT Radio-Television Journal
The TRT Radio-Television
Journal, which has been disseminated monthly since November 1997, introduces the
latest developments in the institution, a glimpse of the backstage in major
productions and orientations of radio & television programs in detail. The
journal which publishes interesting topics in a wide spectrum ranging from
communication, culture & arts to sports truly has a rich content.
TRT, the Brain of Major Organizations
The TRT has become a permanent address in hosting international organizations
contributing to world peace, such as “the TRT International Children’s Festival
of 23 April”, when children from all colors, languages and religions are hosted
in Turkey for ten days.
The TRT has been a major force behind large
organizations such as the Eurovision Song Contest, World Cup Championship, The
Olympic Games and World University Games…
A “reliable, enhanced,
future-oriented” broadcasting institution, which rapidly internalizes all sorts
of innovative media services in the broadcasting field, based on its experience,
capacity and knowledge derived from the past.
In other words, Turkey’s
window to the World, the world’s window to Turkey… Then, it is possible to
express all the attributes together in three letters: TRT.
EBU – European Broadcasting Union
ABU – Asia-Pacific
HFCC/ASBU – International High Frequency
Broadcasters Coordination Group
ABU-HFC – ABU High Frequency
Broadcasters Coordination Group IMC – International Music Council
– European Institute of Media UNESCO Turkish National Committee Turkish National
Council of Press
CMCA – Centré Méditerranéen de la Communication
For further information: (